Friday, July 17, 2009

Hunter kills 3 buck with 1 shot

A hunter from Bloemfontein has given new meaning to the saying “two birds with one stone” when he brought down three blesbuck with one shot, while on a hunting expedition on the Vaalboschrand game farm in the Hertzogville area.

The well aimed shot was fired at a distance of 201 meters from a .308 calibre rifle fitted with a Leopold 4.5-14-telescope.

Two of the buck had gunshot wounds through the brain. The third buck was hit high-up in the neck just behind the ear.

The original Afrikaans story can be viewed here on the webpage of

Although I stopped hunting game many years ago I still enjoy sharing stories like these. I also enjoy analyzing the probability whether these stories could be true, or not. --- So let’s do a quick ballistic analysis, bearing in mind that we have no idea what type of .308 cartridge or make of rifle was used.

A standard .308 Winchester cartridge loaded with a 150 grain bullet (manufactured by PMP – Piet Maak Patrone) has a muzzle velocity of anything between 750 and 852 meters per second, depending on the amount of gunpowder loaded in the cartridge and also the barrel length of the rifle. At 200 meters the velocity would have dropped to anything between the region of 600 - 700 m/s. The striking energy required to produce a casualty, according to Military Handbooks, is 78.6 Joules (58 ft lbs). Let’s presume the bullet in this case was travelling at 670 m/s the moment before impacting with the first buck. The energy carried by the bullet at that point in time would have been roughly 2188 Joules. If we presume that half the energy was used after impact with the first buck then we’re looking at a remaining energy of 1094 Joules, --- enough to cause a second casualty. If another half of that energy was used up after the second impact, it would leave us with 547 Joules (404 ft lbs) of energy, --- more than enough to cause a third casualty! So from a ballistic-scientific point of view the story appears to be true!

The .308 Winchester cartridge is similar to the 7.62 x 51mm NATO cartridge. Depending on a few variables such as bullet mass, barrel length, etc.. the effective range of this bullet is anything between 800 – 1000 meters.

I suppose they will be changing the name of the farm to:


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