Monday, October 23, 2017

How To Steal A City - The Battle for Nelson Mandela Bay

How To Steal A City - The Battle for Nelson Mandela Bay


This is how an insider has described the last years of the ANC’s rule in Nelson Mandela Bay (Port Elizabeth).

In a tell-all book to be launched in Port Elizabeth on Monday, businessman and former ANC Bay leader Crispian Olver blows the lid on the inner workings of what he said were political gangs that siphoned millions out of the metro’s coffers.

The book, titled How To Steal A City, offers a rare insider’s account into behind-the-scenes dealings by prominent personalities, some of whom had become synonymous with the city’s biggest corruption scandals.

A seasoned government bureaucrat, Olver was commissioned by then minister Pravin Gordhan in 2015 to head a clean-up intervention in the metro.

He likened what he said were the metro’s shadow operations to the state capture phenomenon unfolding nationally.

“I had been familiar with the day-to-day fiddling of the procurement process,” Olver said in an exclusive interview this week.

“What I didn’t understand was how you could capture an entire organisation and subject it under your will. The sheer extent of their determination was jaw-dropping. It was carefully thought out.” Olver refused to have extracts of the book published in the media until the launch on Monday.

The book dedicates chapters to focus areas, including the municipality’s human settlements department, the Integrated Public Transport System, the disciplinary processes held against accused officials, the ANC’s municipal election campaign and its scramble for funding.

Olver was also part of the ANC regional task team’s fundraising committee.

It is this role that placed him at the crossroads between being a corruptionbuster and a potential accomplice as the ANC grew more desperate to raise campaign funds last year.

In the book, Olver admits that he compromised his integrity.

“I don’t think I did anything illegal, but I did use my position to influence administration people and decisions,” he said. “In this book I am trying to be as honest as possible. I’m not trying to point a finger. But I hope that I am being as self-critical as I am about others.

Asked if he was concerned about possible legal challenges by those implicated in the book, Olver said: “Some may challenge it, but I’m not sure if that will be in their best interest.

“I wrote this book from recorded interviews, forensic archives and audit reports. My facts are carefully referenced.”

Olver painted a picture of a powerful faction of the ANC, which he said had over the years disintegrated based on looting patterns.

“The full scale of the housing [department] operation, for example, became ring-fenced [from the rest of the political network]. It accounted elsewhere.

“It was a far more focused operation which did not depend on capturing the politics or administration.

“It manipulated community sentiments through protests to support particular land and housing operations. It would then buy land at inflated prices for gain. I’d never seen this level of political manipulation.”

Olver said he had been threatened while still in the city.

“I had people tailing me, looking for me. On one occasion I went to a restaurant and I left earlier than I anticipated. Shortly thereafter a group of thugs arrived there looking for me. I’m still a little wary.” Asked why many of the alleged perpetrators had not been jailed, Olver said: “Whether the NPA [National Prosecuting Authority] has capacity to press ahead I do not know.

“We cooperated closely with the NPA while we were there, but got very little traction. At the end of the day, the municipality had to focus on what it had to do. Yes, there is so much to be jailed for. Many people should be in prison.”

He said the metro’s story was a microcosm of what the ANC had become nationally.

“The electorate do not buy lies and propaganda. You can’t come with change a year or 18 months before an election and expect voters to roll over,” he warned.

Olver said although it was necessary, it had been difficult writing the book.

“Many of these people are my friends. This will be the last time they talk to me.”

ANC leader in the Nelson Mandela Bay council Bicks Ndoni said he was aware of the book as Olver had hinted at it to some people in the early part of the year.

“I have no knowledge of anyone trying to engage him [about it].

“I’m told he has indeed implicated individuals. I have not read the book so it’s difficult for me to make any judgment. I’ll be able to comment as soon as I go through it,” Ndoni said.

The book launch will be at the GFI Art Gallery, where former deputy finance minister Mcebisi Jonas is expected to speak.

Sourced from: Herald Live

How To Steal A City - The Battle for Nelson Mandela Bay

The election referred to is the 2016 municipal election, in which the governing African National Congress (ANC) lost the Nelson Mandela Bay metro to the official opposition, the Democratic Alliance (DA).

Besides crippling divisions, our campaign had another serious problem: two months before the local election, the Nelson Mandela Bay region had no money to campaign. While the national office had sent election posters and backing boards – which our branches flatly refused to use, as they carried Jacob Zuma’s face – it did not provide any funds.

Nor did the provincial ANC. The region was on its own. The election offices in each ward had no telephones, stationery, computers or internet access. We didn’t have transport or catering for the volunteers. There was no money for a proper communications campaign. It wasn’t clear how we were meant to run an election with so little. The situation was dire.

In late May, Nceba Faku [former ANC regional chair] told me that the ANC lacked the organisation and strategy to win. I began to feel that the party had lost the will to govern, and that its continuing disarray and factionalism would scuttle the campaign.

Donny Nadison [Regional Task Team Treasurer] maintained his position that we shouldn’t channel any resources through the ANC itself, as this would empower forces hostile to Danny; also, the provincial ANC was able to pull funds from the region’s central bank account. Instead, he instructed, we should direct all resources into a new trust account he had created to finance the campaign, while keeping the RTT leaders informed.

Whenever I pressed him on the funding situation, Danny undertook to meet potential donors and repeatedly promised to raise money from businessman Patrice Motsepe. Yet, even though his own position was at stake and he was best placed to tap potential donors, he seemed extraordinarily reluctant to do so. Perhaps he was worried about compromising his integrity, or he thought that the ANC’s national office would come up with a plan. To this day, I still don’t know what he was thinking. But I was unable to bring him back into the real world.

By the end of June, I had no confidence in the ability of the ANC to organise the election. I didn’t know how we could move forward without funds. In desperation, the ANC used the councillors’ discretionary funds to register voters. Elections staff pressured councillors to use their offices, which had phones and printers, for campaign purposes. I even asked a number of senior managers in the metro to assist us by tapping their personal networks for donations. Although I was not asking them to use their position to swing deals, but rather to fundraise in their personal capacity, it was inappropriate.

This prompted Johann Mettler to issue a stern warning to all of his managers: ‘It was brought to my attention that you or your staff are being instructed to attend meetings at the head office of a political party in this city. I am formally instructing you and your staff to desist from attending such meetings. I have raised this matter with the Executive Mayor and that is also his instruction.’

He was absolutely right. The party and the metro administration had to be kept separate, but ANC activists were shocked. They were not used to working that way.

As election day approached, my sense of desperation and panic mounted. The financial situation became so bad that the ANC regional office failed to pay its utility bill, and the municipality sent officials to switch off the lights. I contacted a senior Electricity official in the metro administration to give us some latitude. When I explained the party’s financial crisis, the official told me about a renewable energy investor who wanted us to facilitate an engagement with the Minister of Energy – and who was prepared to put a large donation on the table.

I didn’t believe him. Even in light of my earlier experience with ANC fundraising, this seemed too far-fetched. I knew that getting ministerial meetings and approvals was a long and arduous process.

But we were desperate. Bicks [Ndoni, Deputy Mayor] contacted one of the minister’s advisors, and we were told she was willing to engage the investor and support the project. The deal fell into place, a bit too easily for my liking. It was unusual for government wheels to turn this fast. I made arrangements for the funds to be paid into the trust account Donny had set up. From being a flag bearer for clean governance and for a clear separation between party and government, I could not shake the feeling that I had gone over to the dark side.

When the donation was transferred, I discovered that the promised funds had been reduced by almost a fifth. This surprised me, but not nearly as much as when the electricity official offered me a facilitation fee for my troubles. He explained that the missing funds were earmarked for the advisors and officials who had facilitated the transaction. I flatly refused, and to this day have no idea what happened to that ‘fee’.

Extract sourced from: News24

Sunday, October 22, 2017

The Radical Roots of the WHO

Robert Mugabe appointed as goodwill ambassador by World Health Organization

This posting was intended as a response to the recent outrageous decision by Tedros Ghebreyesus - Director-General of the World Health Organization (WHO), to appoint President Robert Mugabe of Zimbabwe to serve as "goodwill ambassador" to help tackle non-communicable diseases in Africa.

Mugabe's appointment was severely criticised, with commentators noting that Zimbabwe's healthcare system had in fact crumbled under his regime, as well as Mugabe's many human rights abuses. It was also noted that Mugabe himself does not use his own country's health system, instead travelling to Singapore for treatment. Some Zimbabwean ministers prefer to use health care services in neighbouring South Africa.

The appointment was rescinded, while this posting was being drafted.

"Over the last few days, I have reflected on my appointment of H.E. President Robert Mugabe as WHO Goodwill Ambassador for NCDs in Africa. As a result I have decided to rescind the appointment," Tedros said in a statement posted on his Twitter account @DrTedros.

One can only wonder, what exactly was the Director-General of WHO thinking by honouring Mugabe as goodwill ambassador? Whatever the case – this blunder has created real bad publicity for the World Health Organization, and this posting is about to add some more.

Nevertheless, in the light of this recent blunder and while I have nothing else to do on a Sunday afternoon ;-) I believe it is worthwhile exploring the radical roots of the WHO:

WHO is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health. It was established on 7 April 1948, headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. In order to grasp the complexity of it all, one has to be familiar with the roots of its parent organisation, the United Nations.

The tangled roots of this tenacious vine spread beneath the surface of public life until 1945, when delegates from 50 countries met in San Francisco to sign the UN Charter. Communist spy, Alger Hiss, co-authored that founding charter and served as the first acting UN Secretary-General.

This initial glimpse of the global agenda should have raised a big red flag. But the war-torn world was already blinded by the well-publicized vision of a peaceable planet "lapt in universal law." Who dared oppose such a noble purpose?

Actually, many people did see the sign posts along the way, but their warnings were drowned out by the mainstream media's resounding praise. Small wonder! The 25 main U.S. newspapers had been bought by the banking goliath, J. P. Morgan -- one of the stronger stems in the vine's tangled root system.

The young vine grew rapidly with branches spreading throughout the world. The signs of political and social compromise multiplied. It was no secret that each consecutive socialist Secretary General -- Trygve Lie (from Norway but recommended by Russia), Dag Hammersjold (Sweden), U Thant (Burma), Kurt Waldheim (Austria), etc. -- sympathized with Communism and helped build an imposing web of international declarations and treaties ("soft" laws) that would overrule constitutional rights and domestic laws in America.

For decades only Communist leaders would fill the UN's highest military post, Under-Secretary-General for Political and Security Council Affairs. Fourteen of the fifteen men who held this vital post up until 1995 (and probably into the new century represented the USSR. The one exception was Dragoslav Protitich, a Communist from Yugoslavia. So when American soldiers fought Communism in Korea and Vietnam in partnership with the UN, the top UN military leaders were Communists. No wonder American soldiers fought two futile and deadly wars.

How could the public be so deceived? 

Part of the answer lies in subtle power of gradualism -- the incremental steps that function like the proverbial frog in the pot of slow-heating water. You become so used to gradual change that you hardly notice the next step.

Just as important is the grand vision of global peace, which burns in the heart of many idealists who have learned to hate war. These two -- vision and gradualism -- serve to both motivate and deceive the masses at the same time. Of course, many of the leaders who utilize these strategies have more totalitarian goals in mind.

That quest began long before Alfred Lord Tennyson penned his visionary poem, Locksley Hall.

"Locksley Hall"
by Alfred Lord Tennyson, 1842
For I dipt into the future, far as human eye could see,
Saw the Vision of the world, and all the wonder that would be...
Till the war-drum throbb'd no longer, and the battle-flags were furl'd
In the Parliament of man, the Federation of the world.
There the common sense of most shall hold a fretful realm in awe,
And the kindly earth shall slumber, lapt in universal law.

History points to monumental feats such as the Tower of Babel, the vast Hittite, Babylonian and Persian civilizations and, later, the Greek, Roman, Byzantine and Muslim empires. In more modern times the world watched with awe as "civilized" nations such as Russia and Germany sacrificed personal freedom and millions of lives on their altars to Soviet and Nazi dreams of totalitarian socialism.

Hindsight helps us trace the early, incremental steps toward a world government, and we can now look back at a foundation laid by an eclectic blend of socialist visionaries, global-minded financiers, communist revolutionaries, secret societies, New Age leaders, wealthy capitalist and tax-exempt foundations primarily in Great Britain and the USA. Long before the United Nations became an official organ under socialist leadership, that early vision had spread through all the main institutions. As Marilyn Ferguson wrote in The Aquarian Conspiracy,

"Broader than reform, deeper than revolution, this benign conspiracy for a new human agenda has triggered the most rapid cultural realignment in history.... There are legions of conspirators. They are in corporations, universities and hospitals, on the faculties of public schools, in factories and doctors' offices, in state and federal agencies, on city councils and the White House staff, in state legislatures, in volunteer organizations, in virtually all arenas of policy-making in the country.... They have coalesced into small groups in every town and institution." - pages 23-24

To fulfil this dream of a New World Order that would serve the grandiose economic and social interests of its early visionaries, two steps were essential:
  1. Establish an efficient global management system that would join the nations of the world through processes that would appear "democratic" and would produce compliance with specific sets of goals and standards.
  2. Use this management system to mould minds, undermine sovereignty, establish social solidarity and train a mobile global workforce through --
  • The redistribution of human and financial resources (through migration, a global economy and a global welfare system).
  • A uniform worldwide education system that would standardize both social "learning" and work skills everywhere.
  • Control of the mainstream media and other propaganda channels. Professor Carrol Quigley wrote in Tragedy and Hope: There grew up in the 20th century a power structure between London and New York which penetrated deeply into university life, the press, and the practice of foreign policy. The American branch of this 'English Establishment' exerted much of its influence through five American newspapers (New York Times and Herald Tribune, Christian Science Monitor, Washington Post...) [4.Quigley, 953]
  • A supportive "civil society" (including business, community groups, the news and entertainment media, churches, etc) prepared to lead the masses toward cultural and religious synthesis in communities and organizations around the world using the dialectic process -- a strategy well tested and proven in the former Soviet Union. (Many participants -- including churches -- may never know how their new business practices and small group dialogues help undermine traditional values and prepare their members for the new global society.)
To the pragmatic prophets and pied pipers behind this scheme, the loss of lives, property and freedom mattered little, for the utopian end would justify their unscrupulous means. Social experiments that killed millions in Russia, Nazi Germany and China became useful stepping stones for the wealthy foundations and financiers in the UK and US who helped fund those wars and revolutions -- and for the powerful leaders (in the UK and USA) who provided weapons and technology for both allies and supposed enemies.

Many U.S. presidents (including other presidents worldwide) have served as visible and elected representatives for behind-the-scenes masters who have already mapped the basic course (if not all the details).

Behind many visible world leaders stand "wise" insiders who have been guiding change for decades. Some of their recent names are familiar: George Shultz, David Rockefeller, Zbigniew Brzezinski, Henry Kissinger, Brent Scowcroft.... These men -- in the top echelon of the Council of Foreign Relations (CFR) and other elite "clubs" -- serve in presidents' cabinets again and again. Some lead silently behind the scenes. They may call themselves Republicans or Democrats; it doesn't really matter.

Few have done more to expose this revolutionary agenda than Carrol Quigley, the history professor at the Foreign Service Schools of Georgetown University whom Clinton honored in his acceptance speech at the Democratic Convention, July 16, 1992.

In his 1300-page tome, Tragedy and Hope: A History of the World in Our Time, he wrote:

"The chief problem of American political life for a long time has been how to make the two Congressional parties more national and international. The argument that the two parties should represent opposed ideals and policies, one, perhaps of the Right and the other of the Left, is a foolish idea acceptable only the doctrinaire and academic thinkers. Instead the two parties should be almost identical, so the that American people can 'throw the rascals out' at any election without leading to any profound or extensive shifts in policy."  [4-Quigley, 1247-1248]

In other words, elected officials come and go, but the unelected leaders behind the scenes continue their reign.

Summarizing a key point in Quigley's Tragedy and Hope, Dr. Stanley Monteith wrote in his well researched book, Brotherhood of Darkness:

"Professor Quigley assured his readers that the threat of communism was exaggerated, and that he had researched the men and the organizations that rule the world. In those days many people believed that our State Department had turned Eastern Europe and China over to the communist because our government was dominated by subversive agents." 

Professor Quigley clarified that confusion:

"This myth, like all fables, does in fact have a modicum of truth. There does exist, and has existed for a generation, an international Anglophile network which operates, to some extent in the way the radical Right believes the Communist act. In fact, this network, which we may identify as the Round Table Groups, has no aversion to cooperating with the Communists, or any other groups, and frequently does so. I know of the operation of this network because I have studied it for twenty years, and was permitted for two years, in the early 1960s, to examine its papers and secret records." [4.Quigley, 950]

"One of Professor Quigley's most shocking revelations," wrote Dr. Monteith, "was the fact that the American Communist Party was partly financed by J. P. Morgan and Company....  J. P. Morgan and his associates financed the Republican Party, the Democratic Party, conservative groups, liberal organizations, communist groups and anti-communist organizations. Thus we should not be surprised to learn that someone purchased Professor Quigley's publisher and destroyed the plates to the first half of his book so it couldn't be reprinted." [1, page 99-100] - But, that was before the digital age...

Tragedy and Hope: A History of the World in Our Time
by Carroll Quigley
Download scanned copy for free online - 36MB PDF

Brotherhood of Darkness by Dr. Stanley Monteith

The Council of Foreign Relations (CFR) would become the U.S. equivalent to the Royal Institute of International Affairs (RIIA) in Great Britain. Professor Quigley explains:

"At the end of the war of 1914, it became clear that the organization of this system had to be greatly extended... the tasks was entrusted to Lionel Curtis who established, in England and each dominion, a front organization to the existing local Round Table Group. This front organization called the Royal Institute of International Affairs, had as its nucleus in each area the existing submerged Round Table Group. In New York it was known as the Council on Foreign Relations, and was a front for J. P. Morgan and Company.... In fact, the original plans for the Royal Institute of International Affairs and the Council on Foreign Relations were drawn up at Paris." [4.Quigley, 951-952]

Banks and tax-exempt foundations were essential to this global vision:

"The powers of financial capitalism has another far reaching aim, nothing less than to create a world system of financial control in private hands able to dominate the political system of each country and the economy of the world as a whole.... The apex of the system was to be the Bank for International Settlements in Basle, Switzerland, a private bank owned and controlled by the world's central banks which were themselves private corporations. Each central bank... sought to dominate its government by its ability to control Treasury loans, to manipulate foreign exchanges, to influence the level of economic activity in the country, and to influence cooperative politicians by subsequent economic rewards...." [4.Quigley, 324]

"In 1924, the chairman of the board of the Midland Bank said, "...banks can and do create money... And they who control the credit of the nation direct the policy of Government and hold in the hollow of their hands the destiny of the people."[4.Quigley, 325]

"During the early decades of the 20th century," explained Dr. Monteith, "the three largest banks in the US were owned by the Rockefellers, the Morgan's, and the Mellon's." Contrary to popular speculations, the powerful European central banks preceded the House of Rothschild. Jewish banks "never controlled the financial institutions of the world." [1, page 35] Quigley, 50-62

The above glimpse into the hidden Anglo-American power structure and its European branches was sourced from here - (A Chronology of the UN: The Revolutionary Steps to Global Tyranny). The web page includes many quotes, taken with permission, from the book Brotherhood of Darkness by Dr. Stan Monteith.

The Radical Roots of the WHO

The WHO is unique among UN agencies because its structure includes six regional offices, each with its own director elected by regional member states. Beneath them is a sprawling network of around 150 country offices. The WHO operates "Goodwill Ambassadors", members of the arts, sport or other fields of public life aimed at drawing attention to WHO's initiatives.

In 1946 the United States joined UNESCO, a UN agency. According to Charlotte Iserbyt (see note below), "this legislation was accompanied by President Harry Truman's remarkable statement:

“Education must establish the moral unity of mankind.”

Truman's recommendation was bolstered by General Brock Chisholm, who would become the first director-general of the WHO.

Note: Charlotte Iserbyt  served as the Senior Policy Advisor in the Office of Educational Research and Improvement (OERI), U.S. Department of Education, during the first term of U.S. President Ronald Reagan, and staff employee of the U.S. Department of State (South Africa, Belgium, South Korea). She is known for writing the book The Deliberate Dumbing Down of America.

Dr. Chisholm presented a paper entitled The Psychiatry of Enduring Peace and Social Progress at a US conference on mental health. It was published by the (now prestigious) magazine Psychiatry, and by his Communist friend, Alger Hiss, the publisher of the socialist magazine International Conciliation. Hiss, then president of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, wrote the Preface to Chisholm's paper.

Ponder Dr. Chisholm's words:

"The responsibility for charting the necessary changes in human behaviour rests clearly on the sciences working in that field. Psychologists, psychiatrists, sociologists, economists, and politicians must face this responsibility....

"Can we identify the reasons why we fight wars...? Many of them are easy to list --prejudice, isolationism, the ability to emotionally and uncritically to believe unreasonable things....
"The only psychological force capable of producing these perversions is morality, the concept of right and wrong...   For many generations we have bowed our necks to the yoke of the conviction of sin. We have swallowed all manner of poisonous certainties fed us by our parents, our Sunday and day school teachers....

" has long been generally accepted that parents have perfect right to impose any points of view, any lies or fears, superstitions, prejudices, hates, or faith on their defenceless children. It is, however, only recently that it has become a matter of certain knowledge that these things cause neuroses, behaviour disorders, emotional disabilities, and failure to develop to a state of emotional maturity which fits one to be a citizen of a democracy....

 "Surely the training of children in home and schools should be of at least as great public concern as their vaccination for their own protection.... Individuals who have emotional disabilities of their own, guilts, fears, inferiorities, are certain to project their hates on to others... They are a very real menace... Whatever the cost, we must learn to live in friendliness and peace with... all the people in the world...."

"There is something to be said... for gently putting aside the mistaken old ways of our elders if that is possible. If it cannot be done gently, it may have to be done roughly or even violently....

"Can such a program of re-education... be charted?" - (See a longer excerpt here).

Dr. Chisholm was one of 16 international experts consulted in drafting the agency's first constitution. The WHO became a permanent UN fixture in April 1948, and Chisholm became the agency's first Director-General on a 46–2 vote.

In conclusion...
A picture is worth a thousand words:

Protesters in front of the World Health Organization headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland in 2008.
By Yann - Own work, GFDL, Link

Sunday, October 8, 2017

Justice in Africa by Mila French

Justice in Africa by Mila French

Based on a true story, this epic tale tells the truth about South Africa in a riveting and spellbinding way!

Francois Fouché is a white Boer who is sent off to fight a war in Angola... only to return home to South Africa and find that all of his efforts seem to have been in vain.

But through his struggle against the wave of crime sweeping his nation and his battle against the forces of darkness which seek to destroy him and his loved ones, Francois discovers that every good seed he has sown eventually produces a beautiful harvest.

You won't be able to put this book down as you read about the series of events which leads to the stunning and violent conclusion; to Justice in Africa!

Publication Date: December 30, 2016

Click or tap here for more info.

Latest 5 Featured Posts:

Operation Vula, its Secret Safari, and Zuma’s band of comrades - Dec. 2013
During 1986 the ANC launched an underground operation called Operation Vula. A lesser-known fact is that it continued to operate after Nelson Mandela's release in February 1990, and for three years after his speech in August 1990 when he reiterated the total commitment of the ANC, Umkhonto we Sizwe and the SACP to the Groote Schuur Minute.

Heritage Day Photographs (Voortrekker Monument) - Sept. 2013
This posting includes a few photographs taken on Heritage Day 2013. The posting introduces an unusual but beautiful new structure called QUO VADIS? (with the question mark) which I’m sure many readers have never heard of.

The Yellow-Bucket Marula Tree: A Mystery Solved! - Oct. 2013
I came across a rather strange phenomenon one day while travelling along the R561 route between Tolwe and Baltimore in the Limpopo province of South Africa. A small yellow bucket was attached high-up in a branch of a Marula tree, hence the name of this posting. It’s a real funny story which I’m sure most readers will enjoy - as much as I enjoyed compiling the article  - (with illustrations).

Pretoria’s Monument for Victims of Terrorism - July 2013
Many people (including myself) had almost forgotten about a noteworthy monument in Pretoria that stood at the entrance of the old Munitoria building on the corner of Van der Walt and Vermeulen Streets (now renamed Lilian Ngoyi and Madiba Streets). When the Munitoria building was demolished on 7 July 2013 nobody could tell me whether the monument was still standing or not, so I decided to go look for myself.

Remembering The Battle of Delville Wood - July 2013
14 July marks a day when the South African 1st Infantry Brigade got engaged in the 1916 (WW1) Battle of the Somme, in France. The battle was one of the largest of World War I, in which more than a million men were wounded or killed, making it one of humanity's bloodiest battles. One specific encounter during this battle, known as The Battle of Delville Wood, is of particular importance to South Africa. The posting includes a comprehensive article (with pictures) compiled and written by Petros Kondos.

African Countries (Alphabetical list):
(The links will redirect to the page dealing with the specific country.)